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Kadar Hemoglobin : Berapa Nilai Normal Hemoglobin?

Monday, February 25, 2019

Apa Itu Hemoglobin?

Hemoglobin, biasanya disingkat Hgb, adalah protein dalam sel darah merah yang membawa zat besi. Zat besi ini menampung oksigen, menjadikan hemoglobin sebagai komponen penting pada darah Anda. Ketika darah Anda tidak mengandung cukup hemoglobin, sel-sel Anda tidak menerima oksigen yang cukup.
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Ilustrasi Pemeriksaan Hematologi.

Darah Anda akan di periksa menggunakan metode pemeriksaan tertentu untuk menentukan kadar hemoglobin Anda dengan menganalisis sampel darah Anda di laboratorium. Berikut ini merupakan berbagai faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kadar hemoglobin Anda, yaitu :
  • Usia
  • Jenis kelamin
  • Riwayat kesehatan

Berapa Kadar Normal Hemoglobin?

Orang dewasa

Pada orang dewasa, kadar dari pemeriksaan hemoglobin rata-rata sedikit lebih tinggi pada pria dibandingkan dengan kadar hemoglobin pada perempuan. Pemeriksaan Hemoglobin diukur dalam satuan gram per desiliter (g / dL) darah.

Jenis KelaminRange Normal Hemoglobin (g/dL)
Perempuan12.5–15.5
Laki-laki13.5–17.5


Pada keadaan tertentu seperti pada laki-laki keturunan Afrika-Amerika, kadar hemoglobin normal mulai dari 11,8. Sedangkan untuk wanita Afrika-Amerika, range normalnya mulai dari 12,8 g / dL.

Pada usia lanjutpun kadar hemoglobin juga cenderung memiliki kadar yang lebih rendah. Ini mungkin disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, seperti:
  • Tingkat zat besi yang lebih rendah
  • Efek samping obat
  • Tingginya angka penyakit kronis, seperti penyakit ginjal
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Ilustrasi Molekul Oksigen

Anak-anak

Kadar hemoglobin pada bayi cenderung memiliki kadar rata-rata hemoglobin yang lebih tinggi daripada orang dewasa. Ini karena mereka memiliki kadar oksigen yang lebih tinggi di dalam rahim dan membutuhkan lebih banyak sel darah merah untuk mengangkut oksigen. Tetapi level ini mulai turun setelah beberapa minggu pada usia pertumbuhannya

UsiaPerempuan (g/dL)Laki-laki (g/dL)
0–30 hari13.4–9.913.4–9.9
31–60 hari10.7–17.110.7–17.1
2–3 bulan9.0–14.19.0–14.1
3–6 bulan9.5–14.19.5–14.1
6–12 bulan11.3–14.111.3–14.1
1–5 tahun10.9–15.010.9–15.0
5–11 tahun11.9–15.011.9–15.0
11–18 tuhan11.9–15.012.7–17.7


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